# Varsity Math, Week 119

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The coach shares two puzzles involving the North Pole with the team.

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### Solar Cap Versus Polar Cap

Imagine that you have a giant compass set to a radius of 1,000 miles, and use it to draw a circle on the surface of the sun. Without changing the opening of the compass, draw a second circle with its center on the North Pole.

Which is larger, the area on the sun’s surface enclosed by the first circle, or the area on the Earth’s surface enclosed by the second circle? Model both bodies as perfectly smooth spheres.

### How Tall Is the Pole?

Imagine a large chain with length exactly equal to the Earth’s circumference. With one foot added to its length around the world, it just reaches over a pole placed at the North Pole, as shown in the figure. Because the Earth is slightly squashed at the poles, the important parameter is the radius of curvature at the North Pole, which is approximately 20,996,000 feet.

How tall is the pole to the nearest hundredth of a foot?

## Solutions to week 118

In Good Relations, Alex is Chris’s son-in-law or daughter-in-law. In Square Purchases, there were five gifts costing as follows: \$1 + \$9 + \$25 + \$36 + \$784 = \$855.